Church Schism of 1054

Church Schism of 1054
   This was the last of several church schisms that began with the Akkakian Schism (q.v.) of 484-519. This schism, despite its circumstantial appearance, can be seen as a culmination of a gulf between the churches that developed since the ninth century. The immediate events are the following. Humbert (q.v.), secretary and ambassador from Pope Leo IX (qq.v.) left an intemperate bull of excommunication on the altar of Hagia Sophia (q.v.) The bull was drawn up by Humbert himself, without authorization of the pope (who, in any case, had just died, making Humbert's authority technically invalid). It contained what had become the usual litany of complaints about Byzantine church doctrine and liturgical practices, e.g., Byzantine use of leavened bread in the Eucharist (rather than azyma [q.v.]), and a creed that did not contain the filioque (q.v.). That the schism was not healed has much to do with the stubborn resistance of Patriarch Michael I Keroularios (qq.v.), who reciprocated the excommunication. For the first time the Byzantine church learned of the Donation of Constantine (q.v.) and how it supported the doctrine of papal primacy (q.v.). That these differences in doctrine and liturgical practices proved enduring can be attributed in part to the Crusades. In particular the Fourth Crusade's (qq.v.) conquest of Byzantium (q.v.), which resulted in the forcible submission of Byzantine clergy to the papacy (q.v.) from 1204-1261, aroused widespread hostility against the western church. Further attempts to achieve a union of the churches (q.v.) at the Council of Lyons and at the Council of Ferrara-Florence (qq.v.) were on paper only, done to gain military aid from the West. Thus, Humbert's rash action mushroomed into something far more significant and enduring.

Historical Dictionary of Byzantium . .

Игры ⚽ Поможем сделать НИР

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Schism of 1054 —    See Church Schism of 1054 …   Historical dictionary of Byzantium

  • Schism of 1054 — or East West Schism Event that separated the Byzantine and Roman churches. The Eastern and Western churches had long been estranged over doctrinal issues such as the relationship of the Holy Spirit to the Father and the Son. The Eastern church… …   Universalium

  • schism — schismless, adj. /siz euhm, skiz /, n. 1. division or disunion, esp. into mutually opposed parties. 2. the parties so formed. 3. Eccles. a. a formal division within, or separation from, a church or religious body over some doctrinal difference. b …   Universalium

  • Schism (religion) — A schism (pronounced /ˈskɪzəm/ or /ˈsɪzəm/), from Greek σχίσμα, skhísma (from σχίζω, skhízō, to tear, to split ), is a division between people, usually belonging to an organization or movement religious denomination. The word is most frequently… …   Wikipedia

  • Schism — ♦ A formal split in the church over a disagreement about a matter of practice; distinct from heresy because the split is not over belief; the schism of 1054 marked the formal break between Roman Catholicism and the Greek Orthodox church; the… …   Medieval glossary

  • Church architecture — The 800 year old Church of Termunterzijl in the north of the Netherlands See also: Architecture of cathedrals and great churches Church architecture refers to the architecture of buildings of Christian churches. It has evolved over the two… …   Wikipedia

  • Church and state in medieval Europe — The relationship between the Church and the feudal states during the medieval period went through a number of developments, roughly from the end of the Roman Empire through to the beginning of the Reformation. The events of the struggles for… …   Wikipedia

  • Church History —     Ecclesiastical History     † Catholic Encyclopedia ► Ecclesiastical History     I. NATURE AND OFFICE     Ecclesiastical history is the scientific investigation and the methodical description of the temporal development of the Church… …   Catholic encyclopedia

  • 1054, Schism of — ▪ Christianity also called  East–West Schism        event that precipitated the final separation between the Eastern (Eastern Orthodoxy) Christian churches (Christianity) (led by the patriarch of Constantinople, Michael Cerularius) and the… …   Universalium

  • church — /cherrch/, n. 1. a building for public Christian worship. 2. public worship of God or a religious service in such a building: to attend church regularly. 3. (sometimes cap.) the whole body of Christian believers; Christendom. 4. (sometimes cap.)… …   Universalium

Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”